Find out how teaching jobs are allocated to schools and the various types of contracts available to teachers.
The number of teacher appointments in a school is linked to the number of students attending the school; this is known as the pupil-teacher ratio. Schools can also apply to the Department for ‘concessionary’ teaching hours. These extra hours are granted depending on a school’s individual needs. Some schools may also pay for teaching hours directly from their own funds.
You’ll find that most of the teaching jobs on offer are temporary or part-time, covering for teachers on leave or covering concessionary hours. Most new teachers begin their careers in this way. The good news is that an expected rise in enrolment and the establishment of new schools means more teaching jobs should soon open up.
If you are employed by a voluntary secondary school or a community or comprehensive school, your employer is the Board of Management of the school. The Department of Education and Skills will be your 'paymaster' and will pay you directly.
If you are employed by a community college or vocational school, your employer is the relevant Education and Training Board (ETB), which will be your 'paymaster' and will pay you directly.
If you are employed privately by the school, the school's management is your employer and paymaster.
The type of contract you hold depends on the reasons for the vacancy and the type of hours you will cover. A non-permanent contract should only be given when the need for the teacher’s service is genuinely a temporary one, for example, where you are replacing a teacher on leave.
You should make sure you receive clear written information on the terms and conditions of your job, either in the form of a letter of appointment, a written contract, or a written statement. You are entitled to this information and it’s important that you keep a copy of all documents, as they may be important in future.
Permanent teachers are contracted to teach up to 22 hours per week.
There are five categories of non-permanent teaching contracts: