Science education is a vital dimension of the holistic education second-level schools aim to provide. Science education is vital because it enables young people to understand the role and application of science in modern society and the economy. Science education is essential to good citizenship because an understanding of science is central to participation in debates on climate change, sustainability, genetic modification, etc. Science education is central to the emergence of the knowledge economy, economic growth and participation in the labour market.

Junior Cycle Science Survey
In April 2010 the ASTI published the results of research assessing Junior Certificate science in Irish schools. The research looked at how cutbacks in education funding are affecting the provision of science subjects in schools and sought feedback on science teaching facilities and barriers to teaching and learning of science.